The History of Kalimantan Batik Motifs and Explanations

batik kalimantan

History of Kalimantan Batik Motifs and Explanations – Before we review the history of Kalimantan batik motifs and their explanations, it’s good to first profile the island of Kalimantan.

Kalimantan Islan is one of the largest Islands in the world and is one of the largest Islands in the world and is divid into five provinces, namely West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, and East Kalimantan. The total area of the Island of Kalimantan is approximately 743,330 square kilometers. The Island of Borneo is also famous for the slogan “Island of a Thousand Rivers”, because of the extraordinary number of rivers that flow on the Island.

History of Kalimantan Batik

It all started with the story of a princess in the overseas area of Bauntung City, named Putri Junjung Buih, who asked Patih Lambung Mangkurat to make woven cloth and calap(colored) cloth in one day as one of the conditions before marrying her as his wife.

The Patih agreed and the cloth was finally made with the help of forty daughters with the wadi batik motif or the Padiwaringin motif.In the end, the cloth was better know as Calapan batik cloth or Sasirangan batik cloth, and that was the first Kalimantan Batik Tulis cloth mad before the emergence of various batik motifs that were create today.

Kalimantan Batik Motifs

In the history of Kalimantan batik and explanations, we start from the Sasirangan batik motif which comes from South Kalimantan, Benang Bintik Batik(Central Kalimantan), Pontianak Batik(West Kalimantan), and Shaho Batik from East Kalimantan. Along with the development of Kalimantanbatik, several new batik motifs emerged such as Raja Bayam, Naga Balimbur, Jajumputan, Turun Dayang, Jaruju Leaves, and Kambang Tanjung batik motifs.

In general, Kalimantan batik has a variety of colors that are striking and bold. The color combination used uses pastel colors such as green, shocking, pink, orange, and red which is one of the characteristics of the color combination of Kalimantan batik itself.

For the crisp stem batik motif, it turns out that it has its philosophy in each of the motifs that are formed, namely as a symbol of a tree of life for the Dayak tribesmen, while the Mandau weapon batik motif which is indeed a typical Dayak weapon also becomes its characteristic based on Dayak cultural roots. . In addition, a new motif emerged, namely the enggau bird batik motif, which is also one of the native bird species of Kalimantan.

Initially, the people of Kalimantan making batik still used animal fibers and cotton as basic materials to make cloth, but as the times progressed and the scarcity of these materials, the people of Kalimantan began to use non-cotton materials such as silk, rayon, polyester, and others. If viewed from the way of making, Kalimantan batik is done as well as the way of making batik in general, namely by writing using wax and canting, also through the process of coloring, shedding to the drying process by drying under a roof protected by the sun.

Kalimantan Batik Pictures

The following is a picture of Kalimantan batik to add to the picture of Kalimantan batik motifs.

batik kalimantan
kulat karikit, gigi haruan, iris pudak, ular lidi

Bibliography History of Kalimantan Batik Motifs and Explanations

  • Kalimantan. Wikipedia, Online: https://goo.gl/fPPBrL
  • Dave Tjoa, Batik Kalimantan. Jejak Batik, Online: http://goo.gl/TEiu6O

Next, we will discuss the model of Kalimantan batik clothes and their popularity in Indonesia. keep in touch ya 🙂

also read the previous article about batik Lampung.

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